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Showing posts with the label javanese sentences

Understanding Ayahane Tembung aka Word Order in Javanese Sentence

Ayahane tembung, or known as lungguhing tembung, indicates how words are arranged in a sentence based on its function. In other words, parsing a sentence based on its ayahane tembung means to distinguish which one is the jejer, the wasesa, the lesan, and the katrangan. In English, jejer equals the subject, wasesa the predicate, lesan the object, and katrangan the adverb.Let us observe the following examples.
1. Dimas tuku gulo esuk mau. / Dimas bought some sugar this morning. 2. Gendon maca buku ing jero kelas. / Gendon is reading a book in the classroom. 3. Pak Marwan ngrantos Pak Lurah wonten pendopo. / Mr. Marwan is waiting for the village head in the hall.
In the first example, the sentence is in the past as indicated by adverb of time esuk mau that means this morning. In the second sentence, it is clear that a boy named Gendon is in the classroom reading a book. Like the previous examples, the last sentence is also a complete sentence consisting of a jejer, wasesa, lesan, and katrang…

The Structure of Javanese Sentence

The structure of a sentence in Javanese normally follows the standard pattern of sentences in Indonesian as well as in English. So the syntax is quite simple and clear-cut. It commonly starts with a subject, followed by a predicate, and ends with an object where necessary. It is important to note that Javanese knows no tense like that found in English. Composing a sentence in Javanese is therefore relatively easy since there is no change of verbs that requires strong memory and concentration. The effort may be in amassing vocabularies in order to produce creative and authentic sentences. Let's see some examples below.
1. Aku mangan gedang. / I eat a banana. 2. Bapa sare wonten ndalem. / Daddy is sleeping in the house. 3. Saiki aku lesu. / I am hungry now. 4. Bedjo wingi tuku lengo. / Bedjo bought some oil yesterday. 5. Konco-konco arep menyang Jogja menesuk. / My friends are leaving for Jogja tomorrow. 6. Sugeng seneng nggambar. / Sugeng loves drawing.
The examples above indicate the use…